1.Introduction to RPA
Robotic process automation (RPA) is a type of business process automation technology that uses software robots (bots) or artificial intelligence (AI)/digital employees to automate business processes. Software robotics is another name for it.
A software developer creates a set of steps to automate a process and interfaces to the back-end system using internal application programming interfaces (APIs) or a specific scripting language in conventional workflow automation technologies. RPA systems, on the other hand, create an action list by observing a user complete a job in the application’s graphical user interface (GUI), and then automate those actions directly in the GUI. This can decrease the barrier to using automation in goods that don’t have APIs for this purpose otherwise.
1.1.What is RPA?
RPA is a software technology that makes it simple to create, deploy, and manage software robots that mimic human actions while dealing with digital systems and software. Software robots, like people, can interpret what’s on a screen, type the correct inputs, explore systems, locate and retrieve data, and execute a variety of pre-defined tasks. Software robots, on the other hand, can do it quicker and more reliably than humans, without any break.
1.2.Importance and Benefits of using RPA
Nowadays RPA has become a trending technology, which proves its importance with the followings factors:
- Cost Saving and Practical
- Incredible Efficiency
- Splendidly Productive Results
- Enhance Internal Working Process
- Increase Digitization in the Workplace
- 24*7 Available
1.3.Types of RPA Bots
1.4.Manual Process Vs RPA
Each business of any specific level as low, medium, or high, is no doubt a complete mix of multiple tasks, occasions, and decisions that sum up the whole business process. In the realm of work process digitization, the manual process is a comprehensive way to deal with enhancing and automating the business process from beginning to end. Just opposite to it, RPA is a technology that manages more modest, monotonous assignments (repetitive tasks) done by bots that simply include a piece of business interaction. Manual Process is an end-to-end solution for automating the whole business process, while RPA is a strong complement to the manual business process. RPA positively can’t replace the manual process, instead, both RPA and manual process are now and again receive similar rewards like decreasing human errors and improving effectiveness via robotizing high-volume, low-esteem yet repetitive tasks.
Manual Process is a control that assists organizations with upgrading business processes to turn out to be more proficient, smoothed out, and versatile to evolving conditions. Utilizing manual process programming engages non-specialized clients to construct and demonstrate business measures with low-code innovation. However manual processes are something beyond RPA. Business analytics and reporting can help decrease storehouses and bottlenecks in some random processes by assisting associations when and where they may have to adjust or make a change.
Example: In addition to grasping the working way of the Manual process and RPA, carefully view the mentioned flow charts. With a simple example, we are explaining to you how the manual process works for an HR person in order to manage the interview process and to store the candidate’s data in a separate file/folder within the PC.
In the below chart, you can see the working procedure of the RPA system, and then you will simply understand how beneficial and time savvy is to use a Robotic Process Automation system.
1.5.The Workflow of RPA